Goldberg Coins and Collectibles



Sale 65

The Pre-Long Beach Auction


Patterns
 
 
Lot Photo Description Realized
Lot 1855
1836 Pattern Gold Dollar. Gold, plain edge. Judd-67. Pollock-70. Rarity 5. PCGS graded Proof 64 PQ. Intense mirror surfaces reflecting rich golden-orange color throughout. A Premium Quality coin for the given grade. This year is notable for the appearance of Patterns for two denominations which were not regularly issued until many years later, the two-cent piece and the gold dollar. Mint engraver Christian Gobrecht interrupted his work on the second obverse of the silver dollar to make the simple dies for the Pattern gold dollar. The dies were completed and specimens struck before March 14, 1836, for a letter of that date from the Director to the Secretary of the Treasury enclosed a specimen in gold.

On the obverse a halo of rays surrounds a cap inscribed LIBERTY. On the reverse a palm branch encircles the denomination 1 D., with the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA around and the date below. Struck in gold with a plain edge.

1836 was a decisive year in American numismatics. The first 1836 Reeded Edge half dollars were struck using a new steam powered press, with a "close collar" or "collar die," for the edge of the coins. The Gobrecht dollars are world famous, of course, and first appeared in 1836. Although nothing came of the experiment in striking this Gold Dollar (until 1849, when the Gold Dollar was finally authorized by Congress), this handsome little coin, with its simple but beautiful theme of a Liberty cap. Pop 4; 6 finer with 3 in 65, 3 in 66 (PCGS # 11260) .
Estimated Value $15,000 - 16,000.
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Realized
$17,825
Lot 1856
1854 Pattern Cent. German silver, reeded edge. Judd-156. Pollock-185. High Rarity 7. PCGS graded Proof 65 CAC Approved. Interesting to note the engine turned markings on the obverse device. James C. Booth, the Melter and Assayer, suggested to Mr. Snowden, the Director of the Mint, that cents could be made out of German silver in a size between the dime and the quarter and a little thicker than a dime. In submitting pieces for examination on January 17, 1854, he reported that these were prepared solely to show the size and the character of the metal, not the design. In fact the obverse die was prepared by a copying lathe from a silver dollar obverse. This fact explains the concentric lines blurring the design of Liberty, the distortion of the stars and the incompleteness of the numerals in the date. Pop 1; none finer (PCGS # 11648) .
Estimated Value $5,000 - 6,000.
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Realized
$8,338
Lot 1857
1859 Pattern Half Dollar. Silver, reeded edge. Judd-237. Pollock-293. Rarity 4. NGC graded Proof 64 CAC Approved. Lovely blue toning on both sides adds to this coin's appeal. The Longacre design. Pop 6; 8 finer (PCGS # 11966) .
Estimated Value $1,900 - 2,000.
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Realized
$2,070
Lot 1858
1861 Pattern Half Dollar. Copper Reeded Edge. Judd-278. Pollock-327 Low Rarity 7. PCGS graded Proof 62 Brown PQ. CAC Approved. Lovely red and green toning with some iridescent magenta and blue to further excite the color sensors in your eyes. During 1861 several Patterns were introduced including the set of quarter dollar and half dollar, with the motto GOD OUT TRUST on the reverse, of which this is a splendid example in copper. Pop 1; 7 finer, 3 in 63, 1 in 64, 3 in 65 (PCGS # 12102) .
Estimated Value $2,000 - 2,100.
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Realized
$2,875
Lot 1859
1863 Pattern Cent. Bronze, plain edge. Judd-299. Pollock-359. Rarity 3. PCGS graded Proof 66 Brown. A wonderful gem Proof with hints of light iridescense. In a 1st generation PCGS holder. Pop 7; none finer.
Estimated Value $1,600 - 1,700.
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Realized
$2,875
Lot 1860
1863 Pattern Two Cents. Bronze, plain edge. Judd-312. Pollock-377. Rarity 4. PCGS graded Proof 65 Brown. A nice bold strike. Glossy chocolate brown in color. Sits squarely in the Gem class for this early Pattern issue and worth examining. A proper bid will want to weigh this low census figure: Pop 12; 2 in 66 BN (PCGS # 60467) .
Estimated Value $3,000 - 3,200.
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Unsold
Lot 1861
1863 Pattern Two Cents. Bronze, plain edge. Judd-312. Pollock-377. Rarity 4. PCGS graded Proof 64 Red & Brown. Lovely sunset golden colors, surfaces tend to be dullish on some J-312 Patterns but this isn't the case here, the coin is gleaming. In an OGH. Pop 20; 14 in 65 RB (PCGS # 70467) .
Estimated Value $2,000 - 2,200.
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Realized
$3,795
Lot 1862
1863 Pattern Three Cents. Copper, plain edge. Judd-321. Pollock-386. Low Rarity 7. PCGS graded Proof 64 Red & Brown CAC Approved. Well struck and nicely toned. A Premium Quality coin for the given grade and in an OGH. Struck with the regular dies using a copper (instead of a silver) planchet. Outstanding color, detail, and shimmering originality. Rare too as: Pop 2; none finer (PCGS # 70478) .
Estimated Value $5,000 - 6,000.
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Realized
$7,475
Lot 1863
1863 Pattern Dime. Aluminum, plain edge. Judd-327. Pollock-397. High Rarity 6. PCGS graded Proof 64. Free from spots. Gleaming and silvery fresh in color. These were proposed to replace the Fractional Currency paper money with a subsidiary or token coinage. Pop 6; 1 in 65 (PCGS # 60486) .
Estimated Value $2,500 - 2,600.
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Realized
$2,530
Lot 1864
1863 Pattern Dime. Aluminum, plain edge. Judd-327. Pollock-397. High Rarity 6. PCGS graded Proof 64. A choice example and free from spots. Pop 6; 1 in 65 (PCGS # 60486) .
Estimated Value $2,500 - 2,600.
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Realized
$2,645
Lot 1865
1863 Pattern Quarter Dollar. Copper, reeded edge. Judd-336. Pollock-408. Low Rarity 7. PCGS graded Proof 63 Brown PQ. A lovely and very choice example thus our Premium Quality designation. The surfaces are greenish-brown with slight iridescense. The motto IN GOD WE TRUST wasn't adopted officially until 1864 (and on the Proof and regular seated Quarters, it didn't appear until 1866). Pop 1; 1 in 64 (PCGS # 60498) .
Estimated Value $3,000 - 3,300.
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Lot 1866
1863 Pattern Half Dollar. Copper, reeded edge. Judd-339. Pollock-411. Low Rarity 6. NGC graded Proof 64 Brown. Uniform reddish-brown color. Struck in copper using the regular obverse die for the Proofs. The reverse die has on it (on a scroll) the preliminary motto GOD OUR TRUST. A variant became America's more traditionally worded motto: IN GOD WE TRUST. Pop 2 (PCGS # 60501) .
Estimated Value $2,500 - 2,700.
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Lot 1867
1863 Pattern Half Dollar. Copper Reeded Edge. Judd-341. Pollock-413 Rarity 5. ANACS graded Proof 64 Red & Brown. Struck in copper. Lovely green and gold toning, the surfaces gleaming with originality, the colors bright, vibrant, almost effervescent. Design with GOD OUR TRUST unadorned in the field above the eagle (the other main Pattern type has the motto inscribed on a simple scroll).
Estimated Value $2,000 - 2,200.
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Realized
$3,220
Lot 1868
1866 Pattern Five Cents. Copper, plain edge. Judd-498. Pollock-584. High Rarity 7. PCGS graded Proof 64 Red & Brown. A nice bold strike and Very Rare. An early adaptation of Longacre's shield device for the Five-cent piece, this has the shield set low in the field, with the ball dividing the date 18 66. Razor-sharp detail. Pop 1; 1 in 65 RB (PCGS # 70694) .
Estimated Value $5,000 - 6,000.
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Lot 1869
1870 Pattern Half Dime. Silver, reeded edge. Judd-815. Pollock-904. Low Rarity 7. NGC graded Proof 66 CAC Approved. Lovely uniform turquoise iridescent toning on both sides. Combines Barbers petite seated figure of Liberty (facing left, on the regular coinage, Longacres faces right). The regular Longacre cereal wreath reverse as used since 1860 is paired to this Barber obverse on Judd-815. Pop 2; none finer (PCGS # 61059) .
Estimated Value $4,000 - 4,500.
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Lot 1870
1870 Pattern Quarter Dollar. Silver, reeded edge. Judd-888. Pollock-987. Rarity 5. NGC graded Proof 66 Cameo. A full white Gem Cameo Proof. Part of the STANDARD SILVER series of Pattern coins made in all sizes from the little half dime to the large, crown-sized silver dollar. Highly presentable with its flashy originality. The devices well frosted and free from problems of any sort. Pop 1; none finer.
Estimated Value $2,500 - 2,600.
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Realized
$2,990
Lot 1871
1870 Pattern Quarter Dollar. Copper, reeded edge. Judd-896. Pollock-896. Low Rarity 7. PCGS graded Proof 64 Red & Brown PQ. A Premium Quality beauty displaying reddish-brown and sea-green iridescent toning. In a 1st generation PCGS holder. Pop 2; none finer.

Historic note: The year 1869 marked the advent of a remarkable series of Pattern pieces, known as the Standard Silver series, which were intended to be used to replace the fractional currency. This consisted of denominations of fifty, twenty-five and ten cents which were smaller in size and lighter in weight than the regular United States coins of equal denomination. They were to be struck in the same silver alloy as the authorized United States silver coins, but the weight of the half dollar was to be reduced from 192 to 154 grains, the quarter from 96 to 77 grains and the dime from 38 1/10 to 31 1/2 grains. The intention of the reduced weight was to prevent hoarding and exportation. The value was to depend upon the authority of their Issue rather than upon their bullion value so that they might be current whether gold was at par with paper money or not. William Barber made dies for three different obverses for each denomination after designs by J. B. Longacre. These sets of nine pieces each were struck in silver, copper and aluminum with plain and reeded edges and sold at the mint for fifteen dollars a set.
Estimated Value $2,000 - 2,200.
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Realized
$2,588
Lot 1872
1875 Pattern Trade Dollar. Copper Reeded Edge. Judd-1427. Pollock-1570 High Rarity 7. PCGS graded Proof 64+ Brown. Traces of mint red. Lovely toning. The dies with "Liberty by the Seashore" on the obverse and a regular 1875 Proof trade dollar die on the reverse. Exceptional rustic mint color in a shade of deep brick red on nicely mirrored glossy blue-brown surfaces. Boldly struck and well detailed, full of aesthetic appeal, some light hairlines account for the assigned grade, but no spotting or flyspecks. A great rarity in the trade dollar Pattern series, indeed, the most recent Judd book notes that one had not sold publicly since 1987! The sale of this specimen at public auction should be carefully considered by those who would endeavor to add this variety to their cabinets. Pop 1; the only Proof brown example graded at PCGS for the variety (PCGS # 61734) .
Estimated Value $7,000 - 8,000.
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Realized
$19,550
Lot 1873
1877 Pattern Half Dollar. Copper Reeded Edge. Judd-1515. Pollock-1679 High Rarity 7. PCGS graded Proof 63 Red & Brown. Lots of mint red with some minor flyspecks. Popular Morgan design. This lovely, rare, and compelling half dollar is the only one graded Proof 63 RB by PCGS. The obverse features a head of Liberty by George T. Morgan, modeled after Anna Willess Williams, a Philadelphia kindergarten teacher. In this form she is surrounded by a circle of beads, outside of which is the inscription E PLURIBUS UNUM, a constellation of stars, and the all-important date, 1877. The reverse, also by Morgan, shows a rather martial eagle boldly atop a cartouche inscribed in incuse letters, IN GOD WE TRUST. This same type cartouche was used elsewhere by Morgan, notably variations on the reverse of the 1879 Schoolgirl Pattern silver dollar and the 1915-S Panama-Pacific commemorative quarter eagle. From the left of the cartouche springs an olive branch, while to the right are three dynamic arrows with zigzag shafts, an interesting touch, perhaps indicating electrical strength. Around is a circle of beads matching the obverse, with the nice artistic touch that the eagle's wings protrude and extend into the lettering inscriptions around.

The extensive production of 1877 Pattern half dollars, made at the request of Mint Director Henry R. Linderman, was intended to make ready designs in case congress mandated the renewed production of regular silver dollars, a denomination that had not been struck since 1873. George T. Morgan who had come to the mint from London, as an assistant to chief engraver William Barber, did not meet with a warm welcome by Barber or his son Charles, the latter also an assistant. In fact, Morgan was given the cold shoulder and was forced to work outside the mint premises for a time.

Half dollars of this year were combining different obverses with different reverses, creating several dozen varieties that today stand at the very apex of numismatic demand. For years these have been classics, and several have endeavored to acquire as many different varieties as possible, sort of a half-dollar whist game.

In 1878 the anticipated silver dollar become a reality under the Bland-Alison Act of February 28, and in early March silver dollars were produced. George T. Morgan's Pattern half dollar dies of 1877 were used in this regard, the portrait of Miss Liberty on the obverse and an eagle on the reverse. The obverse Morgan dollar portrait is the same as used on the presently offered half dollar, except in larger size. Pop 1; 2 finer, 1 in 64, 1 in 66 (PCGS # 71853) .
Estimated Value $12,000 - 15,000.
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Realized
$18,400
Lot 1874
1879 Pattern Goloid Metric Dollar. Goloid, reeded edge. Judd-1626. Pollock-1822. Rarity 4. NGC graded Proof 65. A gem untoned example. Popular Goloid Metric Dollar. This sparkling fresh Pattern exhibits bright, untoned surfaces and a commanding strike. Not to put too fine a point on it, devices as "sharp as a two-edged sword". Pop 5; 8 finer.
Estimated Value $3,000 - 3,300.
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Realized
$3,105






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